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Mummie van een kind

Egypte
wade ; beschilderd ; onbekende Mummy of a child, wrapped in concentric bandages soaked in resin and now completely black. The front and sides have been overlaid with various elements of painted linen, likewise reinforced with resin or glue. This ensemble comprises the following elements painted in orange, red, pale bluish green, and white on a yellow ground: - mask and upper body to just below the elbows (length 51 cm), painted and modelled stucco over a piece of coarse linen (c. 8 x 5 threads/cm2) folded over the front and around the sides of the mummy. This mask is fixed by means of 5 knotted straps of linen passed through perforations along the edges (two on each side, one at the head end, width 1.5 cm). The top of the head, now much damaged, seems to have had modelled locks of hair or perhaps a funerary wreath around the forehead. Two painted wings envelop the head from behind (possibly belonging to a kneeling goddess, scarab, or disk). The face is fully rounded and has lost much of its colour, originally orange with details of the eyes in black. The modelled hands (orange, details red) are folded over the chest, the right hand holding twigs or a nose-gay, the left a folded wreath. The hands are depicted as if protruding from the folds of a garment (himation). The face is flanked by two kneeling goddesses, doubtless Isis and Nephthys, with the seated Anubis jackal behind. The sinus of the garment shows a winged sun disk and a rosette. The shoulders are decorated with two standing falcons, followed by winged disks and the standing mummiform deities Osiris (right) and Anubis or Duamutef (left). A block frieze separates these motives from a lower register depicting Anubis preparing a mummy, the latter lying in a bark on a lion-headed bier, with two canopic jars below. This scene is flanked by two more mummiform deities, human-headed (Amset, left) and falcon-headed (Qebehsenuef, right). Above the left hand there is a further rosette, whereas a reclining falcon-headed sphinx is depicted below. Block frieze below along the lower edge; - abdomen, one sheet of linen on the front only (height 61.5, width 32 cm). Upper register with two antithetic falcons with flails, accompanied by serpents and standing under a sky sign with stars. Block frieze below, followed by a second register under a starry sky: standing woman (probably Isis) censing in front of Osiris and the mummiform Anubis. Block frieze below, then a third register with two antithetic sphinxes; - leg cover, two transverse bandages (10 x 36 cm, and 9 x 30 cm). The first shows a djed pillar lying horizontally, with a starry sky above. The second bandage has a frieze of triglyphs (or stylised palm fronds) and rosettes; - two lateral strips, fixed with glue and partly overlapping the edges of the frontal elements. The right strip (10 x 72 cm) shows a djed pillar, with below a papyrus stalk surmounted by a uraeus serpent. The left strip (13 x 60 cm) has two more mummiform deities, falcon-headed above and human-headed below, framed by block friezes and starry skies; - foot cover, consisting of a panel over the top (16 x 27.5 cm) and showing realistic feet in sandals with an ankh sign in between; another sheet over the soles (28 x 30 cm) decorated with a winged sun disk surmounting a tyet sign crowned with the headdress of Isis and flanked by bead net patterns; and finally two strips pasted onto the sides of the feet (right 5.3 x 16 cm, left 4.3 x 19 cm) and painted with friezes of triglyphs and rosettes.

Details

Inventarisnummer: F 1980/1.12
Afdeling: Egypte
Objectnaam: mummie ; kind
Materiaal: organisch ; mummie (menselijk) ; linnen
Afmetingen: 28,5 x 32,5 x 140 cm
Periode: Grieks-Romeinse Periode; Romeinse keizertijd; 1e 30 v.Chr.-100 n.Chr.
Vindplaats: Egypte, el-Behnasa ; Oxyrhynchus

Literatuur

M.J. Raven, Dodencultus (Amsterdam 1992), 84-86 nr. 35 H.D. Schneider, Life and Death (Perth 1997) nr. 198 M.J. Raven/W.K. Taconis, Egyptian mummies (Turnhout 2005), cat. 25 K. Parlasca, in: A.K. Bowman e.a. (red.), Oxyrhynchus (Graeco-Roman memoirs 93, Londen 2007), 96 n. 9, Fig. 7.7

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