The National Museum of Antiquities brings archaeology and the ancient world to life. At our museum, everyone can discover the age-old civilizations of Egypt, the Classical World, the ancient Near East, and the Netherlands in prehistoric, Roman, and medieval times.
The National Museum of Antiquities has some 180,000 objects in its collection, divided into four areas:
- Classical Antiquity (Greeks, Romans, and Etruscans)
- the Ancient Near East
- the Netherlands (prehistory, the Roman period, and the Middle Ages)
Recently, the annual number of museum visitors has ranged from 150,000 (in 2011) to 219,000 (in 2017).
You can see the highlights of the museum collections all year round in our permanent departments. We also organizetemporary exhibitionsthat are related to ourpermanent collection. These usually involve a combination of objects from our collection and loans from other organizations, varying from specialized Dutch museums and collections to world-renowned institutions.
The National Museum of Antiquities has one of the worlds top tenEgyptian collections. The absolute highlight is a complete 2,000-year-oldEgyptian templefrom the village of Taffeh. This temple was a gift from Egypt to the Dutch people, in gratitude for the countrys role in a UNESCO rescue operation in the 1960s. In the entrance hall you can view this impressive monument from all sides.
Activities for everyone
The museum organizes year-round activities for the general public and for people of all ages. These range from an extensive programme of lectures to childrens activities during school holidays and a variety of concerts.
Every year, many groups and classes from primary and secondary schools visit the museum. We develop new museum lesson plans for them each year, along with teaching materials for classroom use. In 2014, more than 24,000 schoolchildren visited the museum.
The curators at the National Museum of Antiquities are actively involved in scientific research at both the national and the international level. A few examples:
- Three of our staff members holdendowed professorshipsat Leiden University.
- Two of our curators leadarchaeological digsin Egypt and Jordan.
- Our curators, conservators, and other staff members regularlypublishscholarly articles and books about topics in their fields of expertise.
History of the museum
The National Museum of Antiquities was founded in 1818, originally as Leiden University’s ‘archaeological cabinet’. Its first director wasCaspar Reuvens, a pioneer in the field of archaeology. In the nineteenth century, many objects from classical antiquity and ancient Egypt were added to the collection. Until the Second World War, the museum was the only official Dutch institution to conduct archaeological excavations. On 1 July 1995, the museum became an independent non-profit organization that manages the archaeological part of the Dutch national collection. Its mission is to make these objects accessible to a large public.
The museum today
The current director of the National Museum of Antiquities is Wim Weijland. The museum has about 70 staff members (the majority working on a part time basis), who work with a large number of trainees and volunteers. A variety of freelancers and independent businesses also work with the museum. Ourannual reports(in Dutch only) provide more information about the organization of the museum, and ourannual accounts(in Dutch only) supply financial data.